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About Suicide

FACT OR FICTION: Suicide Is Preventable

The answer is TRUE!

In many cases suicide is preventable. The key is education, awareness and often early intervention. Because of this, awareness and prevention activities are imperative! Learn the warning signs, risk factors, protective factors and educate yourself about depression and other mental health issues. This is the first step to prevention.

                      • WARNING SIGNS

       IS PATH WARM?

          Substance Abuse


          Mood Changes


                      • RISK FACTORS

      Biological, Psychological, and Social Risks

          > Previous suicide attempts

          > Mental Health disorders, particularly mood disorders

          > Alcohol and substance abuse disorder

          > Family history of suicide

          > History of trauma or abuse

          > Impulsive and/or aggressive tendencies

      Environmental Risks

          > Job or financial loss

          > Relational or social loss

          > Easy access to lethal means

          > Local clusters of suicide that have a contagious influence

      Socio-cultural Risks

          > Lack of social support and sense of isolation and loneliness

          > Stigma associated with help-seeking behavior

          > Barriers to accessing health care (especially mental health and substance abuse treatment)

          > Certain cultural and religious beliefs

          > Exposure to the influence of others who have died by suicide, including media exposure


                      • PROTECTIVE FACTORS


          > Effective clinical care for mental, physical, and substance use disorders

          > Easy access to a variety of clinical interventions and support for help seeking

          > Restricted access to highly lethal methods of suicide

          > Strong connections to family and community support

          > Support through ongoing medical and mental health care relationships

          > Learned skills in problem solving, conflict resolution, and nonviolent handling of disputes

          > Cultural and religious beliefs that discourage suicide and support self-preservation

SPRC 2009